How CBD Works  -  How does CBD work for Addiction

How Does CBD Work for Addiction - Based on Research
 


None of the statements on this website have been evaluated by the United States Food and Drug Administration. CBD products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. A doctor's advise should be sought before using CBD products especially if you have a serious medical condition, use prescription medications, are pregnant, or are nursing a child.

 

Some very interesting discoveries have recently been found in the study of addiction.

 

Just in nick of time.

 

Our knowledge is unfortunately late to the party.

 

The opioid crisis intensifies across the country.

 

Jamie Lee Curtis just came out about her addiction to opioids.

 

On the science front, it's getting very interesting.

 

Just recently, two completely novel discoveries on addiction itself.

 

First, a discovery that addiction may be a result of an ancient retrovirus.

 

Retroviruses are found in our DNA itself, not the body.

 

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/09/180924174503.htm

 

They tagalong and have our cells make copies of them along with our DNA.

 

For generations!

 

If a specific one lands in the gene that manages dopamine, there's a significant association to addiction.

 

Dopamine is important to our story with addiction since it's the reward center of the brain.

 

With CRISPR technology advancing quickly, we might be able to "edit" these snippets of DNA out eventually.

 

Secondly, a recent study shows that nicotine may "prime" the brain for addiction, even to other substances later on.

 

So, IT is the gateway drug after all.

 

https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/recent-research-sheds-new-light-on-why-nicotine-is-so-addictive/

 

While we wait for these and many other discoveries to turn to treatment, what does the research say about CBD?

 

That's why we're here after all!

 

Turns out that it has quite a bit to say and it's very positive.

 

If you want to jump right to the screened list of CBD by value:

 

Buy CBD online

 

Otherwise, let's get into CBD and addiction:

 

Let's get right to the information.

 

Updated view of addiction

 

Addiction has long been held as a moral failing.

 

Modern science is actually showing it to be a disease of the brain.

 

There are many factors:

  • Genetics
  • Environment
  • Trauma and past experience

 

It comes down to the dark side of our brain's ability to learn!

 

The dopamine system is the primary driver of our brain's learning system.

 

We get a reward when we accomplish something that's good for us.

  • Exercise
  • Job promotion
  • That first date!

 

These are all obviously good for us and evolution rewards them.

 

So why would the brain reward the horrible consequences of very risky behavior?

 

It's chemistry.


Certain chemicals are able to hijack this system to reward further use.

 

The brain is able to "learn" addiction by changing its pathways and actual structure!

 

That's why addiction can so difficult to cure.

 

You have to re-learn and rewire the brain.

 

My uncle, who smoked in his 20's (now in his 60's) once told me that if he was given a terminal disease sentence with 6 months to live, the first thing he would do is go out to buy a pack of cigarettes.

 

Even after decades of not smoking.

 

This process of learning (which is really strengthening certain connections and weakening others in the brain) is especially amplified in teens.

 

The chemical in charge of learning new things is turned way up in the teenage brain.

 

This makes learning addiction especially easy!

 

So dopamine is incredibly important in this whole process of addiction (some drugs are less dependent on this system).

 

Glutamate (the excitability neurotransmitter in the brain) also comes into play.

 

Of course, there are genetic impacts with anything in the body or brain.

 

A good summary of the genertic effects here:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22640768

 

Some are stark.

 

I played basketball with a 19 year old kid (100% Cherokee lineage) who told me, "I'm an alcoholic...I've just never touched alcohol".

 

It was a pretty insightful comment for someone of 19 years.

 

Science has found out which is that some Native American's lack the gene which metabolizes or breaks down alcohol.

 

It hits their brain full force and the results have been catastrophic.

 

Other genetic effects are more subtle or involve many genes.

 

The retrovirus interaction mentioned in the first paragraph is another example that's brand new!

 

So...predisposition to addiction can have a genetic base.

 

Environment and prior experience can interact with this genetic predisposition (called epigenetics).

 

Finally, addiction is learned behavior in terms of how the brain processes it.

 

Let's start there.

 

What does all the endocannabinoid system have to do with this process and can we use it to our advantage?

 

The endocannabinoid system and addiction

 

The endocannabinoid system runs through our entire body.

 

It's only recently discovered (in the scheme of things) and has been shown to exert a powerful influence on balancing key systems in the body:

 

  • Nervous system - neurotransmitters (of which, Dopamine and Glutamate are included)
  • Endocrine system - hormones (which have powerful effects on mood, appetite, and more)
  • Immune system - your body and brain's protective guards

 

You can check out How CBD Work and the Beginner's Guide to learn about the endocannabinoid system.

 

Here's a quick visual:

 

how does CBD work

 

What is research showing on how the endocannabinoid system affects the process (and recovery) of addiction?

 

First, the endocannabinoid system may be a key player in this whole process!

 

If you're a science junky with 80% aptitude in Klingon, check out the link below.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4652927/



 

It's a very cool summary of the physiological process of reward and addiction with emphasis on the endocannabinoid system's role (which is huge!).

 

A few key takeaways:

the ECS exerts a strong influence on the fine-tuning of midbrain DA cell activity

 

DA is the Dopamine pathway.

 

A quick detour before we get back to the endocannabinoid system and addiction.

 

"Fine-tuning" is very important because it reflects what we're finding out about the endocannabinoid system.

 

Most neurotransmitters can only move in one direction.

 

Gaba, pumps the brakes (inhibitory)

 

Nature is smart and will use the same tried-and-true pathways in many different contexts.

 

Glutamate can pump the gas in across different systems.

 

There are paired push-pull equivalents across the brain for different aspects of functioning.

 

The endocannabinoid system goes both ways!

 

It works to balance out the different push-pull actors in each system.

 

It's role is traffic cop to make sure there is "homeostasis" or balance between the different pairs.

 

In the article above, it's balancing the dopamine system which is crucial to addiction.

 

Furthermore, the CB receptors (where endocannabinoids do their work) are directly implicated in the addiction process:

drugs that activate CB1Rs do indeed appear to facilitate the rewarding effects of non-cannabinoid drugs. CB1R agonists increase the motivational and reinforcing effects of alcohol, nicotine and opiates

 

They further found that substances such as alcohol and nicotine affected the endocannabinoid system structure and function.

 

Collectively these findings indicate that alcohol, nicotine, and opiates alter brain EC content, consonant with the CB1R influence on the behavioral effects produced by these drugs

 

Keep in mind that the endocannabinoid system is governed by your same genes!

 

Genetic differences in a person's system may directly affect risk for addiction:

Pre-existing genetic influences on the ECS and/or drug-induced dysregulation of EC function participates in the development and maintenance of addiction

 

Finally, why is it so hard to get past addiction?

 

Why so intractable?

 

Brain plasticity!

 

The brain is able to change. Literally, rewire itself based on reward and experience.

 

The study found that the drugs in question actually diminish the brain's ability to change in specific and very important areas (such as dopamine sensitive area)!

 

Thus, chronic drug exposure disrupts EC-mediated forms of synaptic plasticity in several regions involved in reward processing

 

This is partially why it's so hard for a person with addiction to change.

 

The EC (endocannabinoid) system's impact on the brain's ability to change back has been tampered with.

 

As for the genetic landscape, the endocannabinoid system is also implicated.

 

The CNR1 gene has been associated to people at risk for addiction.

 

Guess what it does.

 

It's a cannabinoid CB1 receptor gene!

 

There's also new interest in the FAAH gene which also governs part of the endocannabioid system.

 

It has a strong tie with addition as well.

 

Again...the research paper is here and although it's not easy reading...it shows the integral relationship between the endocannabinoid system and addiction.

 

No wonder there's so much interest.

 

We're even seeing evidence of epigenetic changes (how genes get turned on and off) in the genes that control the endocannabinoid system due to cocaine and alcohol use:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28704272

 

So what about CBD and addiction?

 

Does CBD help with addiction

 

We've talked about the endocannabinoid system above as it relates to addiction.

 

How does CBD fit into this picture?

 

CBD is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.

 

It's not psychoactive in that it doesn't create a high.

 

As a cannabinoid, it can influence the endocannabinoid system described above.

 

CBD is getting a great deal of press recently for addiction and other issues due to its safety profile (see Is CBD Safe here) and it impact on the body and brain.

 

There are other cannabinoids (THC being the other big one in the cannabis plant) such as CBG, CBN, CBC, but CBD is in much higher levels within the plant.

 

It's also more researched than the others aside from THC.

 

Let's look at the research now on CBD and addiction.

 

Everything else is just marketing!

 

Research on CBD and addiction

 

Let's dig in.

 

An interesting study delved into relapse, impulsivity, and anxiety for rats prone to alcohol and cocaine addiction:

CBD attenuated context-induced and stress-induced drug seeking without tolerance, sedative effects, or interference with normal motivated behavior.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41386-018-0050-8

 

The interesting element is that the results lasted for 5 months even though the CBD showed in the blood for 3 days!

 

There's a great summary of different CBD and addiction studies here:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4444130/pdf/sart-9-2015-033.pdf

 

Some key takeaways...



CBD reduce the reward effect of morphine:

Our results suggest that cannabidiol interferes with brain reward mechanisms responsible for the expression of the acute reinforcing properties of opioids

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22862835

 

They even found the pathway it operates on...the 5HT1A pathway.

 

This is very important for depression and anxiety as well.

 

Interestingly this pathway did not impact cocaine addiction.

 

In terms of opiates, more good news there:

The results of this study indicate that CBD (one dose of 5 mg/kg or 5 mg/kg once daily for 3 days) specifically inhibited conditioned cue-induced heroin-seeking behavior for up to 2 weeks following the last administration without affecting motor function

 

Another study found that CBD's effect on heroin seeking behavior helped to break the cycle of triggers for using the drug again.

 

Discrete disturbances of AMPA GluR1 and cannabinoid type-1 receptor expression observed in the nucleus accumbens associated with stimulus cue-induced heroin seeking were normalized by CBD treatment.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2829756/

 

The results on this cue-seeking lasted 2 weeks after the CBD delivery which is very interesting.


 

Cocaine operates via a different pathway than opioid/alcohol addiction but there is a connection with CB receptors (where CBD has its influence) in the endocannabinoid system.

 

Research shows that CBD helps with this as well:

The dysregulation of CB1 receptor, GRK2/3/5, and mTOR/p70S6K signaling by cocaine may contribute to alterations of neuroplasticity and/or neurotoxicity in brains of cocaine addicts.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23727505

 

To translate this, cocaines impact on the CBD receptors appears to alter the ability of cocaine addict's brain to "unlearn" their habit.

 

This is huge!

 

We're getting at the heart of why addicts find it so hard to stop using or fall back into relapse.

 

These drugs literally turn off the mechanism in the brain that it allows it to change after drug is absent.

 

CBD helps to mitigate this effect.

 

Furthermore, CBD appears to help with the actual damage that alcohol causes in the brain.

When administered concurrently with binge ethanol exposure, CBD protected against hippocampal and entorhinal cortical neurodegeneration in a dose-dependent manner

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15878999

 

Alcohol is toxic to the brain. There's actually a known poison (Acetaldehyde)  in alcohol that caused recent studies to deem there is no "healthy" amount of alcohol consumption.

 

The effect of alcohol is that it's neurtoxic and CBD appears to offset this damage.

 

Studies stemming for CBD's positive effects on schizophrenia's pyschosis lead researchers to determine that CBD helps to reduce the effects of amphetamine use on key parts of the brain.

Cannabidiol Counteracts Amphetamine-Induced Neuronal and Behavioral Sensitization of the Mesolimbic Dopamine Pathway

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27147666

 

This sheds light on both schizophrenia and amphetamine addiction through a shared pathway!

 

Keep in mind that drug addiction often uses both a carrot and stick.

 

For the stick, there can be tremendous anxiety and unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.


Studies show that CBD minimizes both the cues that cause recurrent drug use but also diminishes the "memory" of the drug effects in the brain:

The findings suggest that cannabidiol reduces the expression of drug memories acutely and by disrupting their reconsolidation

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28268256

 

This is the nervous twitch and irritability that usually leads to drug use.

 

This research is incredibly important to PTSD and other traumatic history events where CBD shows promise in helping to erase the emotional history of said events.


 

Interestingly, CBD has been researched for addiction to cannabis (due to THC levels).

 

CBD appears to help cannabis addicts reduce the negative results of stopping to use cannabis:

Inventory showed a rapid decrease in withdrawal symptoms, leading to a score of zero in all tests by day 6.



Learn about THC versus CBD here.


 

As for CBD and nicotine addiction, further good news there:

The results showed a significant reduction in the number of cigarettes smoked (≈40%) in the CBD inhaler group during the week of treatment, with a trend indicating a reduction after follow-up.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23685330



 

This is really important since new research shows that nicotine primes the brain for addiction to other substances.

 

Furthermore, researchers found a mechanism by which CBD might address nicotine withdrawal symptoms and it's tied to the CB1 receptor:

BXD mice displayed significant positive correlations between basal MAGL mRNA expression and nicotine withdrawal responses,consistent with the idea that increased 2-AG brain levels may attenuate withdrawal responses

 

2-AG is one of our natural endocannabinoids that CBD can influence.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25258021



 

A great summary and review of CBD research addiction can be found here:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604178/

 

We will leave you with this result for heroin cravings in people from a single dose:

The single administration of CBD even maintained a decrease of general craving 24 h later, assessed using a heroin-craving questionnaire (Fig. 6b). Furthermore, the effect of CBD in reducing craving persisted even 7 days after the last treatment.

 

Why this isn't front and center across the media with the raging opioid crisis is enough to make you scream.

 

Let's look at other questions people commonly have regarding CBD and addiction.

 

Is CBD addictive?

 

Research is showing that CBD is not habit forming.

 

The scientific term is hedonic.

 

This article does a good job of summarizing the different metrics of addiction which CBD appears to pass:

CBD does not have hedonic property on its own, that is, it is not rewarding and does not induce drug-seeking behavior

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4604178/

 

Scroll down to "CBD in Preclinical Addiction Models"

 

Great resource to have!

 

Does CBD help with THC addiction

 

The relationship between CBD, THC, and even opioids is interesting.

 

There's been an documented association between opioid addiction and cannabis use (with THC).

 

On one hand, a study showed that cannabis use (both THC and CBD) helped to stabilize methadone adoption in addicts by reducing withdrawal symptoms:

objective ratings of opiate withdrawal decrease in MMT patients using cannabis during stabilization.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4717827/

 

Researchers also found that States legal cannabis showed lower levels of opiate drug overdose:

States with medical cannabis laws had a 24.8% lower mean annual opioid overdose mortality rate

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25154332

 

In fact, research shows that CBD might be a good treatment for cannabis withdrawal!

 

CBD can be effective for the treatment of cannabis withdrawal syndrome.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23095052

 

It's the THC in cannabis that might have trouble.

 

There's even a direct relationship between ratio of CBD to THC and a host of positive effects.

 

Maybe most importantly, CBD is shown to protect against the brain mass loss tied to chronic cannabis usage.

 

With legalization of cannabis everywhere, CBD might be an important tool to offset some of the negatives of usage.

 

Is CBD safe for addition support

 

The safety profile of CBD is very strong.

 

You can check out the Is CBD Safe page for more detail.

 

Most importantly in terms of addiction, CBD is not shown to be habit forming.

 

It can help with the withdrawal effect of narcotics without the terrible side effects of other medications.

 

Always make sure to work with your doctor on any new addition of supplements.

 

How to take CBD for addictions

 

The primary means of taking CBD for addiction is via oil tincture.

 

Some people may need a faster effect since the oil can take 20-40 minutes to get into the system.

 

The fastest approach is the vape oil.

 

Make sure to use a vaporisor to offset combustion and the lungs.

 

The skin patches are faster as well.

 

With the latter two options, more of the CBD gets into the system but the duration will be slower.

 

The CBD oil is usually how people test CBD for addiction.

 

We want to make sure to focus on CBD Isolate to avoid Histamine issues. 

 

How much should a person take?

 

Best CBD dosage for addiction

 

This obviously depends on the severity of the addiction and a person's system and genetics.

 

That being said, the typical approach is start with 20-30mgs and test your body's reaction.

 

The error that most people make is to use too little CBD to get an effect.

 

Keep in mind that most of the research above is based on 300-800mg of CBD!

 

Work your way up until you get relief.

 

Then you can come down for maintenance after than.

 

PLEASE let others know what worked for you here!

 

It's very important that we help each other with our own experience.

 

Where to buy CBD for addiction

 

This is important.

 

We need a certain level of CBD and with nothing else!

 

The research is based on high levels of CBD ONLY!

 

It makes sense to start with isolate to test.

 

We're not sold on full spectrum until research shows a benefit!

 

We recommend 1500-2500mg of CBD in a bottle if not more.

 

You don't want to have to take 4-5 droppers to get a sufficient dose!

 

Two options which are priced the best based on cost per/mg of CBD and 3rd party safety rating:

 

IndigoNaturals 2000 CBD Isolate for allergy and  histamine issues     Pharma xtract 30 ml 2500mg.

 

You can see pricing for safety screened products here:

Buy CBD online

 

Again, please let us know your results! Spread the word.

 

Shop and Compare CBD Balms and Oils for Skin here from brand with 3rd party testing

 

Email us your CBD story for others to learn

 


pharmaxtracts CBD reviews
bluebird CBD reviews
elixinol CBD oil reviews
cw hemp cbd oil reviews

Endoca CBD reviews   and more!

Dozens of Brands
Safety Screened
SUCCESSFULLY
INFORMED
Dozens of Brands
Safety Screened

from SG

"I was lost...there's so many CBD products out there.  Thank you for making this all make sense!"

from CW

"I literally lay down and I'm out.  I wake one to use the bathroom and them I'm out again til morning.  I almost NEVER am able to sleep like that!  It's pretty awesome"

from AN

"I feel like my body is oddly more flexible in the gym if that makes sense.  I do notice that I sleep deeper."

from AJ

"CBD is the only way I get through the night.  It's been a life-saver for me.  Thank you for the research!"

SEE Statement at bottom regarding FDA notification and legal statement on claims

from AG

"I love the comparison!  It's impossible to figure out what's being offered and for how much.  Thank you so much!  I'll make sure to send my CBD story to you!"

from CH

"I had no idea how important the lab results were with CBD.  I won't touch it without first seeing what's in there now."

from JJ

"I was spending sooo much energy fighting off negative thoughts before CBD.  I have so much more energy now."

from EF

"Thank you so much for your marvelous work.  I've told all my family members to check out the how it works page.  Simple enough for even me to understand!"

SUCCESSFULLY
INFORMED  
customer reviews of CBD online review